Trulicity (Dulaglutide): What is it used for, How does it work, What are the side effects?
What is TRULICITY used for?
TRULICITY may improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in combination with:
- diet and exercise in patients for whom metformin is inappropriate due to contraindication or intolerance
- metformin, when diet and exercise plus maximal tolerated dose of metformin do not achieve adequate blood sugar control
- metformin and a sulfonylurea, when diet and exercise plus dual therapy with metformin and a sulfonylurea do not achieve adequate blood sugar control
- sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) with metformin, when diet and exercise plus SGLT2i with or without metformin do not achieve adequate glycemic control
- basal insulin with metformin, when diet and exercise plus basal insulin with or without metformin, do not achieve adequate blood sugar control
- mealtime insulin with metformin, when diet and exercise plus basal or basal-bolus insulin therapy (up to two injections of basal or basal plus mealtime insulin per day) with or without oral diabetes medications, do not achieve adequate blood sugar control
TRULICITY may be used, along with diet and exercise, to reduce the risk of non-fatal stroke in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
TRULICITY is not a substitute for insulin. TRULICITY should not be used in patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM) or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis (a complication of diabetes with high blood sugar, rapid weight loss, nausea or vomiting).
TRULICITY has not been studied in children under 18 years of age.
How does TRULICITY work?
TRULICITY belongs to a class of medicines called GLP-1 receptor agonists (glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists). TRULICITY may lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus by helping your body release more insulin when your blood sugar is high.
What are the ingredients in TRULICITY?
Medicinal ingredients: dulaglutide
Non-medicinal ingredients: citric acid anhydrous, mannitol, polysorbate 80, trisodium citrate dihydrate
What strength pens is TRULICITY available in?
TRULICITY is a solution for injection. TRULICITY is available as a single-use prefilled pen or as a single-use prefilled syringe[†] in either 0.75 mg/0.5 mL or 1.5 mg/0.5 mL strengths. Each pen or syringe[†] contains one weekly dose of TRULICITY.
Who should not use TRULICITY?
- you are allergic to this drug or to any ingredient in the formulation or component of the container.
- you or a member of your family has ever had medullary thyroid cancer.
- you have Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2)
- you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
To help avoid side effects and ensure proper use, talk to your healthcare professional before you take TRULICITY. Talk about any health conditions or problems you may have, including if:
- you or a member of your family has or has had medullary thyroid carcinoma, or if you have Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2).
- you have type 1 diabetes.
- you have ever had diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in the blood or urine).
- you have ever had an allergic reaction to TRULICITY
- you are taking an anti-diabetic medicine known as a sulfonylurea (e.g. glyburide, gliclazide, glimepiride) or insulin. Your doctor may want to reduce your dose of sulfonylurea or insulin when you take it together with TRULICITY in order to avoid low blood sugar. Take precautions to avoid low blood sugar while driving or using machinery.
- you have or have had pancreas problems such as inflammation of the pancreas.
- you have severe problems with your stomach (gastroparesis) or food digestion. TRULICITY slows stomach emptying so food passes more slowly through your stomach.
- you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
- you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
- have a high heart rate (fast pulse).
- have a condition called heart block.
- have any heart disease, such as angina, heart rhythm disturbances or congestive heart failure; or if you have ever had a myocardial infarction (heart attack).
- have kidney problems.
- have liver problems.
- have severe vomiting and/or diarrhea and/or dehydration.
Warnings and precautions for TRULICITY?
- Heart rate increase and PR interval prolongation. TRULICITY may increase heart rate and could cause changes known as PR prolongation, which are detected by electrocardiogram (ECG) tracings. Increased heart rate is the same as a faster pulse. Rarely, drugs with these effects can cause changes in heart rhythm that could result in dizziness, palpitations (a feeling of rapid, pounding, or irregular heart beat), fainting or death. These heart rhythm changes are more likely if you have heart disease, or if you are taking certain other drugs. It is important to follow your doctor’s advice about the dose of TRULICITY or about any special tests that you may need.
- Inflammation of your pancreas (pancreatitis). Stop using TRULICITY and call your healthcare provider right away if you have severe pain in your stomach area (abdomen) that will not go away, with or without vomiting. You may feel pain from your abdomen to your back.It is not known if TRULICITY can be used in people who have had pancreatitis.
- Gastrointestinal disorders. TRULICITY is not recommended for use in people with severe stomach or intestinal problems.
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Your risk for getting low blood sugar may be higher if you use TRULICITY with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as a sulfonylurea or insulin.
- Serious allergic reactions. Stop using TRULICITY and get medical help right away if you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction including itching, rash, or difficulty breathing.
- Kidney problems (kidney failure). In people who have kidney problems, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting may cause a loss of fluids (dehydration) which may cause kidney problems to get worse.
- Dehydration: Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration. It is important to avoid dehydration which can cause serious kidney problems even in people with normal kidney function.
Talk to your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of TRULICITY.
TRULICITY is not recommended for use in children under 18 years of age.
What medications may interact with Trulicity?
- A sulfonylurea medicine (e.g., glibenclamide or glimepiride) or insulin. This is because using TRULICITY at the same time may cause your blood sugar to get too low (hypoglycemia). When you first start using these medications together, your doctor may tell you to lower the dose of the sulfonylurea or insulin.
The following list includes some, but not all, of the drugs that may increase the risk of heart rhythm problems while receiving TRULICITY. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any other medication with TRULICITY:
- Drugs to treat hypertension.
- Drugs to treat heart failure.
- Drugs to treat HIV infection.
- Drugs to treat attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder.
- Drugs to suppress appetite/cause weight loss.
- Drugs to treat asthma.
Tell your healthcare professional about all the medicines you take, including any drugs, vitamins, minerals, natural supplements or alternative medicines.
How to take TRULICITY?
- Before using TRULICITY, talk to your doctor about low blood sugar and how to manage it.
- Take TRULICITY exactly as your physician has prescribed.
- Read the Instructions for Use leaflet for instructions on how to use the TRULICITY pen or syringe.
- Talk to your healthcare provider about how to correctly administer TRULICITY before you use it for the first time. If you do not understand the instructions or have any questions, talk with your doctor, diabetes nurse, or pharmacist.
- TRULICITY is an injection which is given under the skin (subcutaneously). The TRULICITY injection pen has been shown to be easy to learn and easy to use. Do not inject TRULICITY into a vein or muscle. The best places to give yourself the injection are your stomach area (abdomen), upper leg (thigh), or upper arm. Do not use the same site for each injection. Change (rotate) your injection site with each weekly injection.
- You can give yourself the injection at any time of the day.
- If you give yourself insulin in addition to TRULICITY, never mix them in the same container. Give yourself separate injections of insulin and TRULICITY. You may give both injections in the same body area (for example, your stomach area), but not right next to each other.
- Do not share your pen, syringe, or needles with another person. You may give another person an infection or get an infection from them.
- Keep pens and needles out of the reach of children.
What is the usual dose of TRULICITY?
The recommended starting adult dose is 0.75 mg once weekly administered subcutaneously (under the skin). The dose may be increased to 1.5 mg once-weekly based on your blood sugar response. The maximum recommended dose is 1.5 mg once-weekly.
TRULICITY can be taken any time of the day, with or without food.
Use TRULICITY exactly as prescribed. Do not change your dose or stop TRULICITY without talking to your doctor. The response on your blood sugar control should be monitored by periodic measurements of blood glucose and HbA1c levels. Your dose of TRULICITY and other diabetes medicines may need to change because of change in level of physical activity or exercise, weight gain or loss, increased stress, illness, change in diet, or because of other medicines you take. Talk to your doctor to seek medical advice promptly.
What to do if you overdose on TRULICITY?
Warning: If you think you have taken too much TRULICITY, contact your healthcare professional, hospital emergency department, or regional Poison Control Centre immediately, even if there are no symptoms.
What to do if you miss a dose of TRULICITY?
If you miss a dose of TRULICITY, take your missed dose as soon as possible if there are at least 3 days (72 hours) until your next scheduled dose. If there are less than 3 days remaining, skip the missed dose and take your next dose on the regularly scheduled day. Do not take 2 doses of TRULICITY within 3 days of each other.
The dosing day of your weekly administration can be changed if necessary, as long as there are at least 3 days between doses.
What are the side effects of TRULICITY?
These are not all the possible side effects you may feel when taking TRULICITY. If you experience any side effects not listed here, contact your healthcare professional. Please also see Warnings and Precautions.
Very Common (≥1 in 10):
- Abdominal pain
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) when used in combination with other diabetes medicines especially metformin, insulin, or secretagogues (e.g. sulfonylurea)
If nausea happens, it is most common when first starting TRULICITY. In most people, nausea decreases over time as their body gets use to the medicine.
Common (≥1 in 100 and <1 in 10):
- decreased appetite
- upset stomach (dyspepsia)
- gassiness (flatulence)
- abdominal distension
- heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
- belching (eructation)
- fast heartbeat (sinus tachycardia)
- first degree atrioventricular block (AV block)
- hypoglycemia when used as monotherapy and in combination with metformin and pioglitazone
Uncommon (≥1 in 1000 and <1 in 100):
- injection site reaction
|Serious side effects and what to do about them|
|Symptom/effect||Talk to your healthcare professional||Stop taking drug and get immediate medical help|
|Only if severe||In all cases|
|Severe hypoglycemia[a] (low blood sugar) symptoms: disorientation, loss of consciousness, or seizures||√|
|Thyroid tumour symptoms: lump in the neck, difficulty in swallowing difficulty in breathing or persistent hoarseness||√|
|Atrial fibrillation/ flutter, irregular heart rate, palpitations, fatigue or shortness of breath||√||√|
|Severe allergic reaction (anaphylactic reaction) symptoms: breathing problems, swelling of throat and face, and fast heartbeat.||√||√|
|Pancreatitis symptoms: prolonged severe abdominal pain with or without vomiting||√||√|
If you have a troublesome symptom or side effect that is not listed here or becomes bad enough to interfere with your daily activities, talk to your healthcare professional.